Ethanolamine, also called 2-aminoethanol or monoethanolamine, abbreviated as ETA or MEA, is an organic chemical compound that is both a primary amine and a primary alcohol. As in the case of other amines, monoethanolamine acts as a weak base



It is often called monoethanolamine to distinguish it from diethanolamine (DEA) and triethanolamine (TEA). It is the second most abundant group in the polar head of phospholipids, which are substances found in biological membranes.

It is used to make soap and detergents, ink, dyes, rubber. It is also mixed with boron for its better assimilation in agriculture.